Francesca Sanna
Francesca Sanna currently works as post-doctoral fellow at Lab'Urba (UPEC) on the history of transport and logistics at La Poste. She holds PhD in History and Civilization and a specialisation degree in industrial archaeology and heritage. Her research focuses on the history of business and management, history of labour and economics. Her thesis treated the history of contemporary mining in the Mediterranean basin through the case of the Société Minière et Métallurgique Peñarroya. She is co-founder of the research network "LiM - Labour In Mining" ( associated with ELHN (European Labour History Network) and collaborates as member of the expertise committee in ANR Project - Me3dAx . She is social media manager for the next 19th World Economic History Congress (Paris, July 2022).
Organising mining industry in the Mediterranean : industrial and labour management at Société minière et métallurgique Peñarroya (1881-1950). [original title in French see here: ]
Between the mid-19th century and the 1950s, the Mediterranean mining basin participated in the combined development of mining and railways, one of the most dynamic phenomena of contemporary industry. In this context, especially from 1850 onwards, we observe a mining rush, in which companies of all sizes and players from various backgrounds were involved in mining operations. The Peñarroya Mining and Metallurgical Company (SMMP) is one of the leading European multinationals in this sector and the first Mediterranean multinational specialised in the extraction of non-ferrous minerals.The SMMP implemented its structure by restructuring a network of existing companies, which sometimes become real subsidiaries. The SMMP built a complex and multipolar industrial and financial architecture, which connected the fragments of the Mediterranean mining basin. Those interconnections, converted into industrial circuits, transformed and propelled the flow of mining resources into the metallurgical verticalisation and, eventually, into the market. To this extent, management was the key to guarantee the control of the resources and the continuity of the technical processes within the administration of the productive space. Rationalisation and scientific management was used by the SMMP to develop its managerial structure.Throughout the history of the SMMP, this thesis focuses, both in a global and micro-analytical perspective, on the Mediterranean mining area as a laboratory of managerial tools. In a sort of a spatial history of the Company, scientific management asserts itself as a historical object to question the economic, technical and social transformations of the contemporary Mediterranean.
• (à paraître) « Managing miners’ health : occupational diseases, scientific management and workers’ life in the Italian mines of Peñarroya (1920-1950) », AREAS Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales, prévu juin 2022.
• « Position de thèse : Organiser la Méditerranée minière », e-Phaïstos, IX-2, 2021, URL :
• « La famille et l’OST : effets divergents de la rationalisation dans l’industrie minière de l’Europe du Sud dans l’entre-deux-guerres », The Historical Review, 2018.
• « Les travaux sur la fatigue humaine à l’épreuve du terrain : le cas du système Gennaper et des mines sardes de Pertusola (1930-1940) », E-Phaistos, VII-1, 2019.
• « Passaggio a Sud-Ovest. Itinerario di miniera nella Sardegna sud-occidentale », Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea, 22, 2015.
• « La miniera e il petrolchimico. Una questione storica nella Sardegna e nell’Italia del secondo dopoguerra », Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea, 17, 2014.
• « Processo alla disamistade : giudicare un ordinamento giuridico. Il processo di Orgosolo, Sassari, 1917 », Diacronie. Studi di Storia Contemporanea, 14, 2013.
URL : <

Chapters in collective volumes
• « Rationaliser le corps au travail en milieu minier : le cas de la Compagnie Minière et Métallurgique Peñarroya pendant l’entre-deux-guerres. » in Thierry Arnal, Corine Maitte, Thierry Pillon, Didier Terrier (dir.), Corps Au Travail : Performance, discipline et fatigue à l’épreuve du métier (XVIIe-XXe siècle), New Digital Frontiers, 2021, open access URL:

Conference Proceedings 
• « Évaluation technique et gestion managériale de la santé à la mine. Le cas des masques anti-poussière dans les mines méditerranéennes de la Société Minière et Métallurgique Peñarroya », Actes du Colloque « Santé à la Mine », Lewarde, Centre Historique Minier du Nord et Pas-de-Calais, 4-5 Avril 2019, Edition Centre Historique
Minier, mai 2020, URL : <>, p. 100-109.
• « Labour conditions under rationalization. A case study of Sardinia mines in the 30s. » 11th IMHC Congress Proceedings, Coleccion ACTAS, Universidad de Jaen, 2017.
• « From San Giovanni to Laurium: a case of mining techniques' circulation in the Mediterranean (1932- 33) », Actes IV Symposium on Mining Activities in the Mediterranean, 23-24 June 2017, Iglesias, Bollettino AMS, septembre 2017.
• « Du Bedaux aux Bedaux. Et vice versa ? Comment remonter à l’origine d’une pratique et si ça a du sens » Travaux en cours n° 13 : Origine/Origines, Actes du IX Rencontre Doctoral LSH 2016, juin 2017.
• « Digital Resource Map of Sulcis Iglesiente Mining Heritage: a project for collaboration and local development in a marginal area » in Perspectives of Mining Archeology, Actes du Xith International Symposium on archeological Mining History, Nalles (South Tirol), 13-15 mai 2016.
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